Sam Harris did a nice job of encapsulating what morality is all about, from a broad perspective, in these eight Twitter tweets:
Getting from “Is” to “Ought”
1/ Let’s assume that there are no ought’s or should’s in this universe. There is only what *is*—the totality of actual (and possible) facts.
2/ Among the myriad things that exist are conscious minds, susceptible to a vast range of actual (and possible) experiences.
3/ Unfortunately, many experiences suck. And they don’t just suck as a matter of cultural convention or personal bias—they really and truly suck. (If you doubt this, place your hand on a hot stove and report back.)